Question The zip codes in our example dataset have had leading zeroes removed from them by virtue of being stored as a numeric type. Retrieve all zip codes from the members table, padding any zip codes less than 5 characters long with leading zeroes. Order by the new zip code.
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select lpad(cast(zipcode as char(5)),5,'0') zip from cd.members order by zip
Postgres' LPAD function is the star of this particular show. It does basically what you'd expect: allow us to produce a padded string. We need to remember to cast the zipcode to a string for it to be accepted by the LPAD function.
When inheriting an old database, It's not that unusual to find wonky decisions having been made over data types. You may wish to fix mistakes like these, but have a lot of code that would break if you changed datatypes. In that case, one option (depending on performance requirements) is to create a view over your table which presents the data in a fixed-up manner, and gradually migrate.
Check out the LPAD function. You'll also need to cast the zipcode column to a character string.
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